These political arguments about how nations should respond to globalization and trade are taking place at several levels: at the global level, through the World Trade Organization and through regional trade agreements between couples or groups of countries. The slow pace of the GATT negotiations gave rise to an old joke that GATT was really synonymous with gentleman`s Agreement to Talk and Talk. However, the slow pace of international trade negotiations is understandable, if not reasonable. Dozens of nations have approved any treaty, is a long process. GATT has often established separate trade rules for certain economic sectors, such as agriculture, and for some countries such as low-income countries. There were rules, exceptions to the rules, ways to unsubscribe from the specific rules and formulations that we would have to fight for. Like the previous GATT, the WTO is not a world government empowered to impose its decisions on others. The total staff of the WTO in 2014 is 640 people and its annual budget (in 2014) is $197 million, making it smaller than many major universities. There are three different types of trade agreements. The first is a unilateral trade agreement if one country wants certain restrictions to be enforced, but no other country wants them to be imposed. It also allows countries to reduce the amount of trade restrictions. It is also something that is not common and could affect a country. Another dimension of international and regional trade policy and trade agreements is at the national level.
The United States, for example, imposes import quotas on sugar because it is concerned that such imports will reduce the price of sugar and thus violate domestic sugar producers. One of the tasks of the U.S. Department of Commerce is to determine whether imports from other countries are dumped. The United States International Trade Commission – a government agency – determines whether domestic industry has been seriously harmed by dumping and, if so, the president can impose tariffs to compensate for unjustified low prices. Trade agreements designated by the WTO as preferential agreements are also referred to as regional agreements (RTAs), although they are not necessarily concluded by countries within a given region. Currently, 205 agreements are in effect as of July 2007. More than 300 people have been notified to the WTO.  The number of free trade agreements has increased significantly over the past decade.
Between 1948 and 1994, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), predecessor to the WTO, received 124 notifications. Since 1995, more than 300 trade agreements have been concluded.  The WTO continues to categorize these agreements into the following types: pro-free trade economists fear that some of these regional agreements will promise free trade, but in fact serve as a means for countries, under the regional agreement, to restrict trade everywhere. In some cases, regional trade agreements may even conflict with broader World Trade Organization agreements. A trade agreement (also known as a trade pact) is a large-scale tax, customs and trade agreement, which often includes investment guarantees. It exists when two or more countries agree on conditions that help them trade with each other. The most frequent trade agreements are preferential and free trade regimes to reduce (or remove) tariffs, quotas and other trade restrictions imposed on intermediaries.